What Is the Difference Between HTML and CSS?

Posted By Josie Moran14/06/21

There are two fundamental languages for building any website: HTML and CSS. What’s their difference? Let’s dig in and find out.

Keeping It Simple – What is the difference between HTML and CSS?

HTML and CSS, while both being programming languages, are used for different purposes. HTML is the language that is used to create a web page, including text, links and images. It is also what you use when editing content on your website. CSS, on the other hand, has two main functions: it controls how elements of a webpage look like (elements include fonts, colours and sizes) as well as how they behave in certain circumstances- for example if an element should be fixed or scroll with the rest of the page).

What is HTML?

It looks simple from the image, but it’s quite the opposite.

HTML is an acronym of “HyperText Markup Language,” which is used for creating web pages and web applications. HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language, which is basically the language of webpages. It’s used by browsers to interpret text formatting and display them as well as embedded objects or images. This includes headers, paragraphs, lists, links/buttons etc. The code itself is written in lowercase letters with no spaces separating them (e.g., h1). It is free to use and doesn’t require any license.

What is CSS?

If you think of HTML as the instructions/product, CSS is the packaging design it comes in

CSS is a stylesheet language used to describe the presentation of a document in HTML format. It is independent of HTML and can be used with any XML-based markup language. The separation of HTML from CSS makes it easier to maintain sites and share style sheets across pages, and tailor pages to different environments. To style your HTML elements, you’ll use CSS properties that you set a value for. You then attach these properties to an HTML tag or class. CSS is used to make your HTML code look good and if you want your website to look good, use CSS.

Advantages of HTML
  • HTML is a universal language that can be used to create web pages, emails, and other documents
  • You don’t need expensive software or design programs like Photoshop or InDesign in order to use HTML
  • The latest version of HTML (HTML5) allows designers more creative freedom when designing their layouts.
Advantages of CSS
  • CSS is easier to maintain
  • You can change the layout of your website without having to worry about breaking other parts
  • It’s more flexible than HTML for responsive design
  • CSS code is cleaner and faster, especially when it comes to working in teams
  • The syntax is simpler and less complicated than HTML
CSS and HTML both have unique features, which compliment each other for best results
What Is the Difference Between The Languages Conclusion

HTML and CSS are often used in tandem for web design. In fact, one usually follows the other to bring together all of the elements on a page. HTML is primarily concerned with providing structures while CSS handles styling by adding colour, size, spacing etc., to content within those structures that have been outlined using HTML codes; hence why it’s called Cascading Style Sheets!

HTML has long been considered as more versatile than its counterpart because it can be formatted into hyperlinks or tables whereas formatting via pure CSS does not allow this type of flexibility but rather allows you only access styles like font-size/font-weight which do nothing when trying to produce an interactive table from scratch.

If you want to chat this through with us to find out what we can do in terms of coding and the languages used for your site (whilst also making it more carbon-friendly might we add!) then get in touch with us today.